Islam prohibits encroachment on the creatures of God, whether they are humans, animals or plants.2:190. And fight in the Way of Allâh those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allâh likes not the transgressors.The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “A woman was punished because of a cat which she detained until it died of starvation, because she neither fed it, nor let it free to eat from the vermin of the earth.” The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Whilst a dog was walking around a well, almost dying of thirst, one of the prostitutes of Bani Israa’eel saw him, took off her shoe, filled it with water and gave him the water. She was forgiven because of that.” Muslim armies were ordered not to kill anyone who was not fighting them, like women, children, the elderly and the priests. They were ordered not to cut trees and not to fill up water wells with dirt.
2- A Muslim must be like a candle illuminating the way for the people for the straight path to be saved them from God’s fire. 3: 110. You [true believers in Islâmic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad and his Sunnah (legal ways, etc.)] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma’rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islâm has forbidden), and you believe in Allâh. And had the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would have been better for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are Al-Fâsiqûn (disobedient to Allâh - and rebellious against Allâh’s Command).
3- Islam calls for social cooperation and giving the rights to those who deserve them by paying alms and charity.51: 19. And in their properties there was the right of the beggar, and the Mahrûm (the poor who does not ask the others) , 9:60. As-Sadaqât (here it means Zakât/alms) are only for the Fuqarâ’ (poor), and Al-Masâkin (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islâm); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allâh’s Cause (i.e. for Mujâhidûn - those fighting in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allâh. And Allâh is All-Knower, All-Wise. 17:28. And if you (O Muhammad) turn away from them (kindred, poor, wayfarer, etc. whom We have ordered you to give their rights, but if you have no money at the time they ask you for it) and you are awaiting a mercy from your Lord for which you hope, then, speak unto them a soft kind word (i.e. Allâh will give me and I shall give you).
4- Islam orders compassion and charity to the poor, the needy, the relatives, the neighbors and the wayfarers.4: 36. Worship Allâh and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masâkin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allâh does not like such as are proud and boastful;
5- Islam imposes fasting the whole month of Ramadan to make Muslims experience the poor people’s deprivation, therefore sympathize with them by giving them charity.2:183. O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious).
6- Islam warns against taking money from the orphans, or spending it needlessly.4: 2.And give unto orphans their property and do not exchange (your) bad things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by adding it) to your substance. Surely, this is a great sin. 6:152. "And come not near to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence, etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the Covenant of Allâh, This He commands you, that you may remember.
7- Wealth is a gift from Allah, none has the right to feel superior to others because they are wealthier than them, so Islam calls for treating the rich and the poor in the same manner.80: 1.The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) frowned and turned away,2. Because there came to him the blind man (i.e. ‘Abdullâh bin Umm-Maktûm, who came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) while he was preaching to one or some of the Quraish chiefs).3. But what could tell you that per chance he might become pure (from sins)?
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